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9191 Broadway
Merrillville, IN, 46410
United States


Burke Costanza & Carberry LLP your smart choice for lawyers in Northwest Indiana. Our full-service law firm has offices in Merrillville and Valparaiso Indiana as well as one in Chicago Illinois. At BCC, our lawyers pride themselves on being able to provide a wide range of legal services to our clients, who benefit from the depth and experience we provide from top to bottom.

The main practice groups at Burke Costanza & Carberry LLP are: Alternative Dispute Resolution, Commercial Services, Civil Litigation, and Business and Personal Services.

Our attorneys represent businesses and government entities in the following areas: Business Planning, Commercial Law, Construction, Labor & Employment, Governmental Entities, Healthcare, Labor, Pension Profit-sharing & Employee Benefits, Real Estate, Taxation, and Worker's Compensation.

Our lawyers also represent individuals in matters such as Estate Planning, Wills and Trusts, Immigration, Family Law, Probate Administration, Real Estate, and Taxation.

Burke Costanza & Carberry LLP is a well-rounded firm with strong roots in Northwest Indiana that is focused primarily on our lawyers providing clients with the highest quality legal service in a broad range of practice areas.

Expanding Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA)  & Deferred Action for Parental Accountability (DAPA)

Business & Personal Services Blog

Expanding Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) & Deferred Action for Parental Accountability (DAPA)

Dana Rifai

On November 20, 2014 President Obama announced executive action concerning immigration, which directed federal immigration agencies to prioritize use of resources, defer deportation and permit noncitizens to remain in U.S. for period of time.  Deferred action is a long-standing administrative mechanism dating back decades that defers the removal of an undocumented immigrant for a period of time and is legally available so long as it is granted on a case-by-case basis. 

On February 16, 2015 a court entered a temporary injunction concerning Expanded DACA and DAPA.  Therefore, USCIS is not accepting requests for the two deferred action programs.  But, United States Secretary of Homeland Security,  Jeh. C. Johnson, believes along with legal scholars, and immigration experts that deferred action is well within legal authority and he fully expects to prevail in court and implement DAPA and expanded DACA. 

DACA provides for those who were under the age of 31 on June 15, 2012, who entered the United States before June 15, 2007 (5years prior) as children under the age of 16, and who meet specific educational a public safety criteria, are eligible for deferred action on a case-by-case basis.  DACA recipients can request to renew their deferred action for an additional two years.  Expanded DACA removes the age cap, the current age restriction excludes those who were older than 31 on the date of announcement.  This restriction will no longer apply.  It also extends the period for employment authorization to three-years, rather than the current two year increment.  And, Expanded DACA adjusts the date-of-entry requirement (cut-off date) from June 15, 2007 to January 1, 2010.

DAPA is the expansion of deferred action, on a case-by-case basis, to those individuals who are a parent of a U.S. Citizen or permanent resident (green card holder), as of November 20, 2014; continuously resided in the U.S. since January 1, 2010; physically present in the U.S. on November 20, 2014 and at the time of request; and has not lawful status as of November 20, 2014. 

Both Expanded DACA and DAPA come with benefits and limitations.  The benefits include a protection from deportation for three-years, work authorization, a social security number, in some states a driver’s license (including Indiana) and the recipient may request to travel abroad.  Some limitations are that they include that fact that expanded DACA and DAPA are not an equivalent of a green card or visa, neither are a pathway to citizenship and the case-by-case decision is based on the DHS enforcement priorities. 

For more information on DACA, Expanded DACA, or DAPA, please don’t hesitate to contact Burke Costanza & Carberry LLP.